Monday, January 28, 2013

~Short break~The reason of "I am interested in Salar de Uyuni"

Hallo, everyone!
Not all of you, there are who read this blog every times, begin to read from this time and happened to read this page. If such people are interested in and want to read this blog, I am glad.
In this time, I will write about the reason of that I write the blog about Salar de Uyuni and I am interested in Salar de Uyuni. I want to that you read this article and become to think feel a sense of closeness to Salar de Uyuni.

I knew Salar de Uyuni when I was a student of junior high school. I watched a TV program which about wonderful natures and places in the world for some reason or other. In the program, Salar de Uyuni was introduced as one of those places. The place was where I have ever not seen such a mysterious place. Since I was a little child, I was interested in rare or beautiful things a little. But I became to be interested in mysterious spot in the world completely. From the time, I began to try to collect pictures and materials which refer to for me. Even now, the notebook is a great encouragement for my activity of art.

After that I often see the view of Salar de Uyuni on TV program. In recent years, Salar de Uyuni is becoming well-known in Japan more and more. In some blogs whose have been to Salar de Uyuni,  they wrote when they have visited Salar de Uyuni, they met Japanese tourist quite often. For example, the famous TV program is broadcasted Nihon Television broadcasting station, "Sekai Husigi Hakken!", there is broadcasted the tour of Salar de Uyuni in Andes in May 1, 2010.

Did you watch the video? And what did you think about Salar de Uyuni?
This TV program is introduced about Salar de Uyuni and other lakes around there. The reporter went to and stood at the actual place in Salar de Uyuni, that thing made us feel the power that can fascinate for us differ from the one seeing a picture of Salar de Uyuni. It is often called that the nice view point of that the surface of a lake reflects the sky clearly as if there is another sky. But we surely sense the different appeal of this lake. With changing the weather and a time slot, Salar de Uyuni shows to us  several dynamic exprresions. I promote you that when you have places which is interested in,  you see the picture not only but also watch the video. Because I would like you to see the live view of these places in the world. Since I became to know Salar de Uyuni, I could not help discovering and seeing the view of Salar de Uyuni that people have never seen. So I am very interesting to Salar de Uyuni. Through this series of blogging, I was surprised that Salar de Uyuni has many point of view.
In this way, I will write about Salar de Uyuni. Would you write blog about your beautiful place?

Monday, January 21, 2013

The economical worth of Salar de Uyuni

Salar de Uyuni is became aware of a tourist spot by many people. But in recent years, Salar de Uyuni became to be paid attention by countries in the world.
At present, we could know that Salar de Uyuni is buried a lot of Lithium in under the ground. The amount of Lithium is very huge, about 9 million tons of the resources are lie under the ground without being used.

At first, what is the Lithium? Lithium is a natural resources which is often used material of a rechargeable battery of a personal computer, a mobile phone and an electric car and so on. And now, that kind of electronic equipments are competing many companies in the country, moreover all over the world. So, the demand of Lithium is getting higher and higher for the future and each countries are looking for the stable source of resources.

Some sources of Lithium are dotted with the world. For example, main countries are Chile, Australia, China, Argentina and so on. Main deposits which are operating are these places, but deposits which are investigating are many more than the operating deposits. Sources of Lithium have a characteristic. It is that most demand is produced at some places of production. Lithium is the lightest metallic elements, so it continues circulating through the upper part of the earth's crust and sea water in the long time for earth. Based on this moving, many amount of Lithium is buried in the bottom of the dry salt lake.
In particularly, some salt lakes are in South America. Two countries in South America are in top-raking of the amount of production of Lithium. South America is blessed with sources rich in natural resources  and estimated that have about 50% of Lithium in the world.

In that thing, why is Salar de Uyuni paid attention particularly?
It is called that the deposits of Lithium is about 23 million tons in the world (the added number of Lithium have mined already and the one is not mined yet). About 9 million tons of Lithium in that number are exist in Salar de Uyuni! About 40% amount of total deposits is in a salt lake.

It will already be in 2009, China, France, Korea and Japan began to negotiate with the government of Bolivia. Each countries and Japanese independent administrative institution, Oil, Gas and Metals National Corpolation (JOGMEC) and Sumitomo business company and so on pressured the government about development of Lithium enthusiastically, but Bolivia was negative for joint development because of the historical background. Negotiation seemed to have rough road ahead. But
in 2012, June 19th, Korea's company announced that succeeded to get the right of Lithium associated business. COMIBOL Bolivian company and Korean consortium will cooperate, build factories around Salar de Uyuni and begin to produce in 2014. In negotiating between Korea and Bolivia, Korea developed new technology, which Lithium extraction period usually take one year can shorten to less than one month. It seems that this became a conclusive facter.
At this point in time, Korea had the advantage over the other countries in the competition.

In this way, Salar de Uyuni is received many interest and eager look. Lithium is buried under the ground of Uyuni will be place to fight for the useful resources.


Asahi Newspaper
Toua nippou  
Wikipedia  Lithiumリチウム

Sunday, January 20, 2013

Salar de Uyuni and people live around there

The name of Uyuni is famous for the tourist spot on account of Salar de Uyuni.
A lot of tourists visit Salar de Uyuni continuously. After the tour, travel they often write on impression about the time that they faced with Salar de Uyuni the their blog, homepage and so on. "Salar de Uyuni is very beautiful!" or "There is wonderful place!", the same as words are filled with Internet.

But do you know people live in around Salar de Uyuni?
They were bone in this country and live with the nature of the region. Who are they? How they live in there? I will write and  introduce about this question at this time.

Salar de Uyuni is near to Uyuni town. Uyuni town is a small town in Bolivia, one of South American countries. Bolivia is not well-known country in Japan. Is it a cause of a country distant from Japan geographically? But Bolivia has a relation to Japan and exchanges between Bolivia and Japan. About regarding this topic, I will give you further information about it later.

Bolivia is oficially known as Plurinational state of Bolivia in English, so some nations live in there. Population of Bolivia is about 10,000,000 people. In this population, 30% of entire number is the Quechuas, 25% of entire number is the Aymaras, 30% of entire number is mestizos (mixed Amerindian and white), the remaining people are white. The Quechuas and the Aymaras are native people in this area. Native people often put on national clothes, specially, at the local area. We can see the scene at the Uyuni town.

Uyuni town is the highland which is about 3,700 meter above sea level, so there is hard to reach on public transportation. Tourists can use Bus to go to Salar de Uyuni, but there are many times which have trouble traveling over the bad roads. People who have been to visit there wrote the thing as a point we should be careful their blog. However, this place is located in high mountain is far from any area. The salt which is got in Salar de Uyuni is called very natural. People live in Uyuni produce Uyuni salt as main industry. Something else, the tourist industry to go Salar de Uyuni is their industry as a income source. In the old years, at the 20 kilometer mark from Uyuni, Pulacayo silver mine has worked. The mine was bustling and many people conteined Uyuni people were worked there. At present, this mine was closed, the salt and the tourist industry support life of people in Uyuni.

We can see trace that people in Uyuni work in the scene of Salar de Uyuni.
These heaps are made of salt. We can see these heaps like pyramids here and there in Salar de Uyuni. When people dig the salt with shovels in Salar de Uyuni, the salt is piled into any number of about 1 meter heaps. Next, the salt heaps are dryed in the sun for several days and brought to the town. The shape of salt heaps seem to pyramid. The scene is a part of the scenery of Salae de Uyuni.

Wikipedia Boliviaボリビア

Sunday, January 6, 2013

Several salt lake and rock salt in the world

There are a lot of salt lakes (flat) in the world, some other place, differ from Salar de Uyuni.

For example, the dead sea is famous for us. The dead sea has water containing a high concentration of salt. So, when man go into the water, man float on the water not to go down.
The specific gravity of a lake becomes large and lift becomes high because of a high concentration of salt.

The other famous lake is Caspi sea.

Caspi sea is the biggest salt lake in the world.
The area is 374,000 square kilometer. The amount  of water which can collect is 78,200 cubic kilometers! This number means 40~44 percent of water of lake in the world.
The lake that scale is the biggest is raised Caspi sea in the world.

Well, salt of Salar de Uyuni have some strange features.
First, the salt is beautiful pyramid shape. Uyuni is about 3,000 meters above sea level. So there are almost not factory, industrial institutions and it is called that the air is perfectly clear. The salt may be natural. Second, salt of Salar de Uyuni contains many mineral. With being deep sea, the amount of mineral containing in water and the number of kinds of mineral increase.
The body of human can not make ingredients of mineral. Specially, Salar de Uyuni contains a lot of lithium that is medicine for melancholia depression. Other, one of ingredients of mineral, palladium and neodymium which are used medicine of incurable disease. The salt is in very good hearth for people.

Andes have some other several salts for topographical changes by now.
It is Rose salt. This salt is called the salt of Andes for 300,000,000 years. It is the salt which carried out the pulverization of ther harite which ancient deep sea (2,000~3000 meter) rose up, and sea water crystallized automatically as it was. In addition, this salt contents many iron especially (10 more times of ordinary salt), it became red color autmatically and it is called Rose salt. It is said that this salt is generally sold and used in the store. The salt of the Andes is the good barance of the quantity of sodium and the mineral.

Do you know the art of rock salt?
It is Wieliczka Salt Mine. The mine spread around like the nest of an ant that it is depth of about 300 meter dug to mine salt, and the remains of a tunnel which attain to 300 kilometers of the total extention is exhibited as an underground museum.
This remain is the beauty was not necessasrily evaluated. But the salt exploited here brought immense wealth to the Poland Kingdom, and changed the world by it.
Many people are relation to production and work in this remain, so, it is called industrial heritage. In 1978, it is registered one of world heritage.

The first place to see is Kinga chapel. The work in a salt mine was danger. Therefore, some chapels were built in order to pray for safety in a salt mine. There are spaces in order to pray and the salt wall of the chapel was sculpted the scene of the New Testament. This work was done by coal miners, but it can see one of great art.
The salt have inrteresting feature.

All about  世界遺産
Wikipedia Caspi sea

The history of Salar de Uyuni

Salar de Uyuni has old history.
Some topographical changes formed present Salar de Uyuni with spending very long time, since about 5,000,000 years ago.

The origin of Salar de Uyuni connected with the birth of Andes mountain range.
When Andes mountain range rose up in the Pliocene epoch, 2,580,000~5,000,000 years ago, a lot of seawater was remained on the top of the mountain.

The seawater became a prehistoric lake, Minchin lake. It was drying up gradually, at last, remained and was divided four lakes. Because of the Altiplano highland has a dry climate. The Altiplano highland has Salar de Uyuni as a part. Four lakes are UruUru lake, Poopo lake, Coipasa lake and Uyuni lake.  They are salt flat.

The biggest lake is Salar de Uyuni in four lakes.
The soil around Salar de Uyuni contents a lot of salt. The salt of seawater which left behind to neighbor soil gathered in Salar de Uyuni through rain and the melted snow. In addition, Salar de Uyuni did not have river flow out water it has.

The water collected the flat highland. In the dry season, it dry up.
Of course, in the dry season of area around Uyuni, it is dry extremely for a dry climate, asa a result, Salar de Uyuni could not become deep lake and could get the recent style as the mirror of the sky that is said by people in the world.

The dry season comes to Uyuni, next the rainy season, the dry season again, this circulation was repeating long times, this salt lake was making this mysterious view.

Salar de Uyuni is called that it is buried salt of 1,000,000,000 ton and the place of production of good salt. These days salt is used as one of the income sources of people of the town of Uyuni these. Every year, salt of about 25,000 ton are dug and carried by local people. Salar de Uyuni have a part of one of industrial resources for local people.

There has various viewpoints that we should see.  
For example, the color of salt lake is mysterious. To tell the truth, color of sea water change intensity more than fresh water. It has a relation to concentration of salt each water content. In this way, Salar de Uyuni can have the maximum value of chage of color. Because of there have some places are saturated with salt and the concentration of salt.

Salar de Uyuni change colors, shallow water is milky-white, deep water is dark blue, depending on the sun, lake changes red,bitter orange and so on.
History of various changes make recent Salar de Uyuni.

Wikipedia  Salar de Uyuni
Lifner net                     
All about  世界遺産