Tuesday, February 26, 2013

Things we should do to save beautiful nature

In the world, a lot of tourist spots exists and almost, they may be places where have to do with nature. Some nature spots live with the earth and many animals contain us, occasionally help us, trouble us, delight us and were prayed by us, others was passing in a long time without any relation with human.
We have to preserve both of the nature in the next generation. But the nature are susceptible to state of surroundings environment. Besides preserving them, we discharge toxic waste, substance and pollute them. In bad case, we have time to exterminate a species. The environment is changing as how the present people treat them and act in there.

For example, Salar de Uyuni is on the verge of a crisis which may destroy the beautiful view in there.
Salar de Uyuni has a lot of Lithium resources. The worth of Lithium-producing district in the Salar de  Uyuni is getting higher in the world, in addition time is paid attention to increase. But Salar de Uyuni is in Bolivia, this country is a poor country in the South America. Why Bolivia is so poor country? Because Bolivia has a vast amount of natural resource, Lithium in Salar de Uyuni which is estimated about 9 million tons, on the other hand Bolivia do not have a technology and capital to put to practical use. Chile and Argentina, other countries around Bolivia have begun to produce and export their natural resources already. Atacama salt lake, which is in Chile, is developed by not only chilean company but also foreign companies, so the production seems to be lively.

Bolivia may be irritate compared to such countries, however Bolivia seem to be keeping foreign countries at arm's length from Bolivian industry. Because the history which occupied and exploited by Spain was long, so Bolivia is negative for cooperation with foreign countries. But in 2012, June, Bolivia decided to cooperate with Korea in the field of production of Lithium. So the development will  advance steadily in Salar de Uyuni.

Pond of evaporation in Atacama salt lake

From this thing, Salar de Uyuni is apprehensive about destroying the beautiful nature. How to produce Lithium use wells and pond of evaporation. At first, the salt water pumped up from about 10 meters below the ground of Salar de Uyuni evaporates moisture automatically in pond of evaporations in about 1 year. Next, the salt water which became high concentration of Lithium is carried to the factory and it is produced Lithium carbonate and Lithium hydroxide. In those processes, Salar de Uyuni is buried in the ground. Will it pollute the water?

Water pollution are caused outflow of contaminant by people mainly in the world. For example, at recent, air pollution in China is talked about and at the same time, China is suffered from water pollution. The cause is the outflow of a chemical fertilizer and contaminant. The accident were happened in many countries contain Japan. Not only it damage to nature, animals and ecosystem but also health of people. We have to take responsibility for thing human make and nature human live with.

So I think it is the most important to look the present situation in the face. We can not grasp understand real situation from the picture and news in daily life. If we see reality, we become to bring ourself to act for saving nature. But almost people are hard to do it, by way of compensation, I think that people should acquire knowledge about nature. And we look our life again, come up with various ideas to decrease waste. Many people act and it is exactly, "Many a little makes a mickle" In addition, we almost have a useful device, Internet, so contribute any system and write our activity we can.

A man people in the world may read it and know what is the nature. The thing spread out a few and I think it leads to big movement in the world.

Yahoo! 知恵袋                 
Technology make the future

Sunday, February 17, 2013

Be careful at Salar de Uyuni!

When you arrive tourist spot where is beautiful scene, do you often captivate the scene?
We have some cases that take our eyes off in various times. The thing often happen wherever we go, specially, in tourist spots. The thing caused sad happening occasionally. In the same way, the accident happened in Salar de Uyuni.

In May 1, 2008, a traffic accident occurred at between Isla de Pescado (an island in Salar de Uyuni) and a salt hotel. This accident is a small scale but 13 people died there. The cause is two vehincles collided head-on, blew up and went up in flames. The car was rode in 5 Japanese people, a guide, a driver and the other side, there were 5 Israeli people, a cook, a driver. A cook drove in the car were Israeli people survived in the accident miraculous with seriously hurt.

The scene of the accident

Why did the traffic accident happened? The detailed the state of affairs about the accident at the time was not clarified, so I referred to a blog was written about this that heard from guides are on-the-spot. So there is no positive proof that it is true absolutely.

The tour of Salar de Uyuni almost use car which is used gasoline and is filled up the gasoline tank . Because there is high area above the sea and needs strong horsepower, so it is one of a necessary article. In addition, Salar de Uyuni is a vast plane where is no gasoline stands, people and towns for the time being. The people who pass on Salar de Uyuni must prepare for the case whatever happens and when the tour take a few days, some tanks of fuel load onto the car, often propane gas to use for cooking. If each cars prepared such things had a head-on collision each other, I think that they can not are saved from the explosion and fire. But a strange point is in the accident.

 Please look at the upper part of the picture. In the picture, around there is no obstacles and things. Cars advanced the plane there is no road which is decided. But two cars collided here.

After investigation of the corpse of the driver, the driver was detected by alcohol. In addition, another driver who only survived just finished three days tour and was so tired, so fell asleep at the wheel. Which the car collided first? Now the driver ran away. The report on the accident could not written and the protest against it did not work well because the other party is the government of foreign country.
In the victim, a young woman who was supposed to get married to soon contained. She would placed that the tour was the last tour as a single woman. The bereaved family said "We fight against it to investigate the truth"

The memorial tower

We can not know when the traffic accident happens. Salar de Uyuni is a place many people are becoming interested in gradually. People who visit there may increase. We must care in Salar de Uyuni and wherever we go on a trip in the same way.

なんでも保管庫  http://hokanko2008.seesaa.net/article/137608594.html
西日本新聞          http://www.nishinippon.co.jp/nnp/lifestyle/topics/20090527/20090527_0001.shtml
地球の歩き方      http://tabisuke.arukikata.co.jp/mouth/100994/

Monday, February 11, 2013

Salar de Uyuni is in Bolivia

As you know, Salar de Uyuni is a famous salt lake (often is called salt flat). It placed in near the top of the Andes, the southwest Bolivia. And more, Bolivia is a country has a cultural worth in South America. In this article, I will introduce about Bolivia from some point of view of culture, economy, nation and so on.

Bolivia is close to Brazil in the north and the east, Argentina in the south, Paraguay in the southeast, Chile in the southwest and Peru in the northwest. It is a landlocked country and has been influenced by many countries. The history dates back to the about 1,500 B.C. In those days, the Tiwanaku (Tiahuanako) culture and so on were prospered. From the 12th centuries to the 15th centuries, some Aymara countries became prosperous around the coast of Lago Titicaca (Titicaca lake). At that time, those countries were conquested by Inca empire, its real name, Tawantin Suyu. But in 1532 Tawantin Suyu began to be colonized by Spain. It is called the colonial policy was so violent and the number of  native people, not only Tawantin Suyu but also Azteca and Maya civilization, were very decreased. Native people were worked badly as the work force of Potosi silver mine and more, treated cruelly at other things. In that time, native people seemed to almost die out. After that, Bolivia made way for independence from Spain but wars that matched against various countries in South America broke out and internal and political disputes happened, so the confusion continued for the time being. At recent, some disputes fight over natural resources that being developed often happened.

With seeing the passage of history, you can see the state of affairs has changed terribly very much in Bolivia. That thing does not know if it is a cause, Bolivia is a developing country that is in a lowest level of development in SouthAmerica now. Although Bolivia has plentiful natural resources, so Bolivia produce tin, oil and natural gas at recent. And more, vast amount of Lithium discovered in Salar de Uyuni, so many countries began to pay attention to the valuable worth of Bolivia in recent years.

In addition, Bolivia has some peculiar culture and cultural heritage. For example, Tiwanaku (Tiahunaco) remains are famous. It is the remain that left and tell about Tiwanaku culture. It has been researching to solve the history by person doing research now. In other places, the streets of Potosi passed some ages, Noel Kempuff Mercado National park has some environment is influenced by some forests of each climates, historic city of Sucre has scene of beautiful street and so on. They are world heritage all. It is not contain in the world heritage, but Salar de Uyuni is visited by many people, too. Many people visit to there for sightseeing. The tourists are looking forward to not only them but also  the music which is famous in the world, folklore. Folklore is called that the Andes district originated and valuable one that the carnival became world heritage. This music is spirited and rhythmical.
The point of view are many in Bolivia. There has character of itself.

ボリビア日系協会連合会 http://www.fenaboja.com/bolivia/bc/cultura_andes.htm
Wikipedia Bolivia        http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/ボリビア

Photo quotation                       http://www.fenaboja.com/bolivia/bc/cultura_andes.htm

Sunday, February 3, 2013

The recommendation of time to go sightseeing

Do you think Salar de Uyuni is beautiful place?
In that case, what part of Salar de Uyuni do you feel that is beautiful?
It seems that is often said "The mirror of the sky Salar de Uyuni" and "the surface of the lake reflects the sky clearly as if there is another sky. It is so beautiful!" on TV and the people around me. Certainly,  the thing that the sky exist also two is rare and interest for us. But It is not only the viewpoint of Salar de Uyuni is the mirror of the sky but also many good places to see are in Salar de Uyuni. In this time, I will introduce about viewpoints, times and imformation which I recommend. I am glad that you read it and become to feel like going to Salar de Uyuni.

The mirror of the sky, the scene most of you want to see can be seen in the rainy season. The rainy season in Uyuni is also to be from January to April in a year. But you can not always see the scene in the rainy season. Because Salar de Uyuni is not filled with water certainly. For a dry climate, if it do not rained for a short time, Salar de Uyuni drys up at once.  In the first half of the rainy season, the water is hard to be filled with water. January, February and March months is suitable for seeing Salar de Uyuni with full of water. Although Salar de Uyuni still has often times dry up the water in the rainy season at least. The case the water is too much amount is bad. Because the car to look around in Salar de Uyuni can not drive. Salar de Uyuni is a vast salt plain and you have to use car. So, people could see The mirror of the sky is really lucky thing.
The point which you should pay attention to the cold of the winter. Season of that is fulled with the water is winter in Salar de Uyuni. There is so cold for about 3,700 above sea level. You should protect yourself against the cold.
In the dry season, the white salt plane is famous and beautiful. You can see this white plane certainly. The viewpoint is that the mysterious pattern of salt rise to the surface. The view of the white ground continues to a horizon is very interested.

The average temperature and the amount of rainfall in Salar de Uyuni in 2008

Some other place, Isla de Pesca is in Salar de Uyuni.
Isla de Pesca is a island like shape of fish. People who visit Salar de Uyuni always go there. This place play a role of mark of vast plane. There is many cactuses in Isla de Pesca. They are called that Inca people have planted once upon a time.

Salar de Uyuni have some point of view. Did you enjoy this article?

ヘン旅        http://www.hentabi.com/travel_guide/uyuni_top.html
Woman Excite      http://woman.excite.co.jp/blog/sanpo/sid_267198/

Monday, January 28, 2013

~Short break~The reason of "I am interested in Salar de Uyuni"

Hallo, everyone!
Not all of you, there are who read this blog every times, begin to read from this time and happened to read this page. If such people are interested in and want to read this blog, I am glad.
In this time, I will write about the reason of that I write the blog about Salar de Uyuni and I am interested in Salar de Uyuni. I want to that you read this article and become to think feel a sense of closeness to Salar de Uyuni.

I knew Salar de Uyuni when I was a student of junior high school. I watched a TV program which about wonderful natures and places in the world for some reason or other. In the program, Salar de Uyuni was introduced as one of those places. The place was where I have ever not seen such a mysterious place. Since I was a little child, I was interested in rare or beautiful things a little. But I became to be interested in mysterious spot in the world completely. From the time, I began to try to collect pictures and materials which refer to for me. Even now, the notebook is a great encouragement for my activity of art.

After that I often see the view of Salar de Uyuni on TV program. In recent years, Salar de Uyuni is becoming well-known in Japan more and more. In some blogs whose have been to Salar de Uyuni,  they wrote when they have visited Salar de Uyuni, they met Japanese tourist quite often. For example, the famous TV program is broadcasted Nihon Television broadcasting station, "Sekai Husigi Hakken!", there is broadcasted the tour of Salar de Uyuni in Andes in May 1, 2010.

Did you watch the video? And what did you think about Salar de Uyuni?
This TV program is introduced about Salar de Uyuni and other lakes around there. The reporter went to and stood at the actual place in Salar de Uyuni, that thing made us feel the power that can fascinate for us differ from the one seeing a picture of Salar de Uyuni. It is often called that the nice view point of that the surface of a lake reflects the sky clearly as if there is another sky. But we surely sense the different appeal of this lake. With changing the weather and a time slot, Salar de Uyuni shows to us  several dynamic exprresions. I promote you that when you have places which is interested in,  you see the picture not only but also watch the video. Because I would like you to see the live view of these places in the world. Since I became to know Salar de Uyuni, I could not help discovering and seeing the view of Salar de Uyuni that people have never seen. So I am very interesting to Salar de Uyuni. Through this series of blogging, I was surprised that Salar de Uyuni has many point of view.
In this way, I will write about Salar de Uyuni. Would you write blog about your beautiful place?

Monday, January 21, 2013

The economical worth of Salar de Uyuni

Salar de Uyuni is became aware of a tourist spot by many people. But in recent years, Salar de Uyuni became to be paid attention by countries in the world.
At present, we could know that Salar de Uyuni is buried a lot of Lithium in under the ground. The amount of Lithium is very huge, about 9 million tons of the resources are lie under the ground without being used.

At first, what is the Lithium? Lithium is a natural resources which is often used material of a rechargeable battery of a personal computer, a mobile phone and an electric car and so on. And now, that kind of electronic equipments are competing many companies in the country, moreover all over the world. So, the demand of Lithium is getting higher and higher for the future and each countries are looking for the stable source of resources.

Some sources of Lithium are dotted with the world. For example, main countries are Chile, Australia, China, Argentina and so on. Main deposits which are operating are these places, but deposits which are investigating are many more than the operating deposits. Sources of Lithium have a characteristic. It is that most demand is produced at some places of production. Lithium is the lightest metallic elements, so it continues circulating through the upper part of the earth's crust and sea water in the long time for earth. Based on this moving, many amount of Lithium is buried in the bottom of the dry salt lake.
In particularly, some salt lakes are in South America. Two countries in South America are in top-raking of the amount of production of Lithium. South America is blessed with sources rich in natural resources  and estimated that have about 50% of Lithium in the world.

In that thing, why is Salar de Uyuni paid attention particularly?
It is called that the deposits of Lithium is about 23 million tons in the world (the added number of Lithium have mined already and the one is not mined yet). About 9 million tons of Lithium in that number are exist in Salar de Uyuni! About 40% amount of total deposits is in a salt lake.

It will already be in 2009, China, France, Korea and Japan began to negotiate with the government of Bolivia. Each countries and Japanese independent administrative institution, Oil, Gas and Metals National Corpolation (JOGMEC) and Sumitomo business company and so on pressured the government about development of Lithium enthusiastically, but Bolivia was negative for joint development because of the historical background. Negotiation seemed to have rough road ahead. But
in 2012, June 19th, Korea's company announced that succeeded to get the right of Lithium associated business. COMIBOL Bolivian company and Korean consortium will cooperate, build factories around Salar de Uyuni and begin to produce in 2014. In negotiating between Korea and Bolivia, Korea developed new technology, which Lithium extraction period usually take one year can shorten to less than one month. It seems that this became a conclusive facter.
At this point in time, Korea had the advantage over the other countries in the competition.

In this way, Salar de Uyuni is received many interest and eager look. Lithium is buried under the ground of Uyuni will be place to fight for the useful resources.


Asahi Newspaper    http://www.asahi.com/business/topics/economy/TKY200910310450.html
traveLoose               http://www.geocities.jp/traveloose/diary/bolivia/uyuni.html
Lithium-resources    http://unit.aist.go.jp/georesenv/result/green-report/report10/p73.pdf
Toua nippou            http://japan.donga.com/srv/service.php3?biid=2012062026888
Wikipedia  Lithium  http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/リチウム

Sunday, January 20, 2013

Salar de Uyuni and people live around there

The name of Uyuni is famous for the tourist spot on account of Salar de Uyuni.
A lot of tourists visit Salar de Uyuni continuously. After the tour, travel they often write on impression about the time that they faced with Salar de Uyuni the their blog, homepage and so on. "Salar de Uyuni is very beautiful!" or "There is wonderful place!", the same as words are filled with Internet.

But do you know people live in around Salar de Uyuni?
They were bone in this country and live with the nature of the region. Who are they? How they live in there? I will write and  introduce about this question at this time.

Salar de Uyuni is near to Uyuni town. Uyuni town is a small town in Bolivia, one of South American countries. Bolivia is not well-known country in Japan. Is it a cause of a country distant from Japan geographically? But Bolivia has a relation to Japan and exchanges between Bolivia and Japan. About regarding this topic, I will give you further information about it later.

Bolivia is oficially known as Plurinational state of Bolivia in English, so some nations live in there. Population of Bolivia is about 10,000,000 people. In this population, 30% of entire number is the Quechuas, 25% of entire number is the Aymaras, 30% of entire number is mestizos (mixed Amerindian and white), the remaining people are white. The Quechuas and the Aymaras are native people in this area. Native people often put on national clothes, specially, at the local area. We can see the scene at the Uyuni town.

Uyuni town is the highland which is about 3,700 meter above sea level, so there is hard to reach on public transportation. Tourists can use Bus to go to Salar de Uyuni, but there are many times which have trouble traveling over the bad roads. People who have been to visit there wrote the thing as a point we should be careful their blog. However, this place is located in high mountain is far from any area. The salt which is got in Salar de Uyuni is called very natural. People live in Uyuni produce Uyuni salt as main industry. Something else, the tourist industry to go Salar de Uyuni is their industry as a income source. In the old years, at the 20 kilometer mark from Uyuni, Pulacayo silver mine has worked. The mine was bustling and many people conteined Uyuni people were worked there. At present, this mine was closed, the salt and the tourist industry support life of people in Uyuni.

We can see trace that people in Uyuni work in the scene of Salar de Uyuni.
These heaps are made of salt. We can see these heaps like pyramids here and there in Salar de Uyuni. When people dig the salt with shovels in Salar de Uyuni, the salt is piled into any number of about 1 meter heaps. Next, the salt heaps are dryed in the sun for several days and brought to the town. The shape of salt heaps seem to pyramid. The scene is a part of the scenery of Salae de Uyuni.

旅barber   http://www.tabibarber.sakura.ne.jp/tabinohanasi/nikki/diary28.html
未来の世界遺産3ウユニ塩湖   http://allabout.co.jp/gm/gc/66276/2/
Wikipedia Bolivia   http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/ボリビア
traveLoose   http://www.geocities.jp/traveloose/diary/bolivia/uyuni.html

Sunday, January 6, 2013

Several salt lake and rock salt in the world

There are a lot of salt lakes (flat) in the world, some other place, differ from Salar de Uyuni.

For example, the dead sea is famous for us. The dead sea has water containing a high concentration of salt. So, when man go into the water, man float on the water not to go down.
The specific gravity of a lake becomes large and lift becomes high because of a high concentration of salt.

The other famous lake is Caspi sea.

Caspi sea is the biggest salt lake in the world.
The area is 374,000 square kilometer. The amount  of water which can collect is 78,200 cubic kilometers! This number means 40~44 percent of water of lake in the world.
The lake that scale is the biggest is raised Caspi sea in the world.

Well, salt of Salar de Uyuni have some strange features.
First, the salt is beautiful pyramid shape. Uyuni is about 3,000 meters above sea level. So there are almost not factory, industrial institutions and it is called that the air is perfectly clear. The salt may be natural. Second, salt of Salar de Uyuni contains many mineral. With being deep sea, the amount of mineral containing in water and the number of kinds of mineral increase.
The body of human can not make ingredients of mineral. Specially, Salar de Uyuni contains a lot of lithium that is medicine for melancholia depression. Other, one of ingredients of mineral, palladium and neodymium which are used medicine of incurable disease. The salt is in very good hearth for people.

Andes have some other several salts for topographical changes by now.
It is Rose salt. This salt is called the salt of Andes for 300,000,000 years. It is the salt which carried out the pulverization of ther harite which ancient deep sea (2,000~3000 meter) rose up, and sea water crystallized automatically as it was. In addition, this salt contents many iron especially (10 more times of ordinary salt), it became red color autmatically and it is called Rose salt. It is said that this salt is generally sold and used in the store. The salt of the Andes is the good barance of the quantity of sodium and the mineral.

Do you know the art of rock salt?
It is Wieliczka Salt Mine. The mine spread around like the nest of an ant that it is depth of about 300 meter dug to mine salt, and the remains of a tunnel which attain to 300 kilometers of the total extention is exhibited as an underground museum.
This remain is the beauty was not necessasrily evaluated. But the salt exploited here brought immense wealth to the Poland Kingdom, and changed the world by it.
Many people are relation to production and work in this remain, so, it is called industrial heritage. In 1978, it is registered one of world heritage.

The first place to see is Kinga chapel. The work in a salt mine was danger. Therefore, some chapels were built in order to pray for safety in a salt mine. There are spaces in order to pray and the salt wall of the chapel was sculpted the scene of the New Testament. This work was done by coal miners, but it can see one of great art.
The salt have inrteresting feature.

All about  世界遺産   http://allabou.co.jp/gm/gc/386485/
Wikipedia Caspi sea  

The history of Salar de Uyuni

Salar de Uyuni has old history.
Some topographical changes formed present Salar de Uyuni with spending very long time, since about 5,000,000 years ago.

The origin of Salar de Uyuni connected with the birth of Andes mountain range.
When Andes mountain range rose up in the Pliocene epoch, 2,580,000~5,000,000 years ago, a lot of seawater was remained on the top of the mountain.

The seawater became a prehistoric lake, Minchin lake. It was drying up gradually, at last, remained and was divided four lakes. Because of the Altiplano highland has a dry climate. The Altiplano highland has Salar de Uyuni as a part. Four lakes are UruUru lake, Poopo lake, Coipasa lake and Uyuni lake.  They are salt flat.

The biggest lake is Salar de Uyuni in four lakes.
The soil around Salar de Uyuni contents a lot of salt. The salt of seawater which left behind to neighbor soil gathered in Salar de Uyuni through rain and the melted snow. In addition, Salar de Uyuni did not have river flow out water it has.

The water collected the flat highland. In the dry season, it dry up.
Of course, in the dry season of area around Uyuni, it is dry extremely for a dry climate, asa a result, Salar de Uyuni could not become deep lake and could get the recent style as the mirror of the sky that is said by people in the world.

The dry season comes to Uyuni, next the rainy season, the dry season again, this circulation was repeating long times, this salt lake was making this mysterious view.

Salar de Uyuni is called that it is buried salt of 1,000,000,000 ton and the place of production of good salt. These days salt is used as one of the income sources of people of the town of Uyuni these. Every year, salt of about 25,000 ton are dug and carried by local people. Salar de Uyuni have a part of one of industrial resources for local people.

There has various viewpoints that we should see.  
For example, the color of salt lake is mysterious. To tell the truth, color of sea water change intensity more than fresh water. It has a relation to concentration of salt each water content. In this way, Salar de Uyuni can have the maximum value of chage of color. Because of there have some places are saturated with salt and the concentration of salt.

Salar de Uyuni change colors, shallow water is milky-white, deep water is dark blue, depending on the sun, lake changes red,bitter orange and so on.
History of various changes make recent Salar de Uyuni.

Wikipedia  Salar de Uyuni    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salar_de_Uyuni
Lifner net                               http://www.lifener.net/e3516032.html
All about  世界遺産              http://allabout.co.jp/gm/gc/66276/